When I was in high school we had a history teacher that was a WWII veteran. He talked about the mistakes and losses at Midway. One of the subjects was the loss of Torpedo Squadron 8 VT-8. No fighter cover and the first squadron off the Hornet going in. All lost without inflicting any damage and one survivor in the water. He talked about how much of a waste it was.
I surprised him when I said it wasn't a waste. I told him they set the stage for what was to come and threw the Japanese off their plans. Much of their fighter cover had to drop and chase them down. They were not prepared when the Enterprises torpedo planes showed up a few minutes later, and Yorktown torpedo planes a half hour later. 25 minutes later they were low on fuel, not back at patrol height when 30 dive bombers from the Enterprise showed up. At this point, there was no recovery or regrouping for the Japanese.
All because of VT-8 having to be chased down and eliminated pulled too much of the fighter cover down to sea level and their AA guns not being able to be depressed enough. All three torpedo squadrons made little damage, but did pull the fighter cover away and cause precious fuel to be expended, leaving openings for the later waves to come.
He never thought of that.